Early History of Bodrum
Bodrum has cradled many civilizations in the past. Bodrum has been an important center for those who want to show dominance in the Mediterranean. The area between Ionia and Likia was called Karia, which was smaller than the others. Halikarnassos (Bodrum) became one of the important cities of Karya. The region has raised historian Heredot, I.Artemisia, the first female admiral of history, and II.Artemisia as well as artists like Leachares, Shepas.
Throughout history, Bodrum has been under the domination of the Persians, Macedonians, the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. Byzantium lost its dominance in Anatolia after being defeated by Alpaslan of Seljuk Sultan in Malazgirt in 1071. Knights of Rhodes built the Bodrum Castle and gained sovereignty in the region.
Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent, who turned the Mediterranean into a Turkish lake, annexed Rhodes and Bodrum to the Ottoman lands in the Rhodes Campaign organized in 1522.
Museums in Bodrum
Bodrum Underwater Archaeological Museum:
Today it is one of the most important and grand museums of the world in its kind. The excavations that started in the 1960s are exhibited in this museum in Bodrum Castle. The museum houses findings from the collection of Eastern Mediterranean amphoras and artifacts from the researches conducted in wrecks near Bodrum. The world’s oldest shipwreck remains are worth seeing.
It would be one of the ideal sightseeing stops for those who want to take a short city tour in Bodrum.
Mausoleion Open Air Museum:
This museum is known by its name because of being the grave of the King of Mausolos. It was built by the famous architects of the period by direction of the Queen II Artemisia, the wife of Mausolos and her sister. This monumental tomb was almost destroyed by the Great Anatolian earthquake and is surrounded by historical pieces in the museum. The term ‘mausoleum’, which is used today, comes from the name of King Mausolos. Most of the stones belonging to Mausoleion are used in the construction of Bodrum Castle. The beautiful reliefs were taken to the British Museum by the British during excavations in the XIXth century.
It is shown as one of the seven wonderful buildings in the world’s antiquity-related monuments. The artwork created by the Greek and Egyptian civilizations will impress you as it flashes like a lantern to the past.