Early History of Fethiye
Fethiye was established with the name of “Telmessos” in the 5th century BC on the border of the civilizations of Lycia and Karya. It continued to be an independent city separate from Lycia for a long time. The city remained under the rule of Persia, Alexander the Great, Roman, Pergamon, Byzantium and Ottomans.
In 545 BC, the Persian Commander Harpagos captured the city. In the middle of the 4th century BC, the Lycian people annexed Telmessos to the Lycian border. Later, Alexander the Great conquered it in 333 BC. Then it led a life under the rule of Roman Empire in 133 BC. Recent findings show that the city had a very rich cultural structure during the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
After the city entered Ottoman patronage in 1424, it was called “Megri”. Finally, in 1914, its name was changed to Fethiye in memory of the first air martyr Fethi Bey.
Two exhibition halls, the Archaeological Works Hall and the Ethnographic Works Hall, are open to the public at Fethiye Museum. Visitors are able to see ceramic artifacts and sculptures in the archeology section. Among them are Young Girl sculpture and trilingual stele which plays an important role in the Lycian culture.
In the ethnographic section, hand-woven samples of local craftsmanship, drumstick and silver jewelry are surely worth to see.
Ancient Cities Near Fethiye
Fethiye has a history of thousands of years. Telmessos Ancient City, Letoon Ancient City, Patara Ancient City and Tlos Ancient City are among the ancient cities that we definitely recommend you to visit in Fethiye. Thus, you can find traces of different civilizations.