You can find thousands of years’ footprints in its lower layers when you look at the material of a building in Milas or Priene. If you are pleased to learn the history of the places you have visited, ancient cities are more than a few pieces of stone for you. You will find 10 places worth seeing in the Aegean in this list.
The Best 10 Must-See Places
- Lake Bafa
- Bergama Ancient City
- Cunda Island
- Bodrum Underwater Archeology Museum
Hosted Mother Mary
The history of the ancient city of Ephesus dates back to 5000 BC according to archaeological finds. The most important structures are Amphitheater, Celcius Library, Odeon Square, Artemis Temple and Hillside Houses. It is said that Mother Mary came to Ephesus.
Apart from the ancient city, Ephesus Museum is one of the most important museums of Turkey with its cultural activities and visitor capacity, as well as important works belonging to Ephesus and its surrounding areas such as Miken, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods. Because Ephesus Museum is mainly a museum exhibiting the works of an ancient city, it was preferred to exhibit the works according to their places instead of a chronological and typological exhibition.The halls are Slope Houses and Houses Findings Hall, Coin and Treasure Department, Tomb Findings Hall, Artemis Hall, Emperor Cultural Hall. In addition to these halls, various architectural and sculptural works in museum interiors and central gardens are exhibited in harmony with the garden decor. Two great Artemis sculptures, Eros head, Dolphin Eros sculpture, Socrates’ head are some of the world-famous works of the Ephesus Museum.
Hiking and boat trip
There are many activities that can be done around Lake Bafa, the largest lake in the Aegean region. You can do nature walks, watch birds, camp. In the lake, there are islands that have monastery remains. Most of the buildings are intertwined with the Kapikri Village. The most glorious is the city walls from the Hellenistic period. In the village, the Athena Temple rises upon a rocky hill overlooking the town, just above the Kapukiri Elementary School, which is no longer used. The Agora of Herakleia is in the garden of the school. Lake Bafa, 25 kilometers from Soke, is spreading over an area of 60 square kilometers. Because of the connection with the sea, Lake Bafa’s water is a bit salty and a bit sweet.
Famous with sculpture schools
Aphrodisias is located on a plateau 600 meters above sea level in Karacasu District of Aydın. The Stadium, the Agora, the Hadrian Baths and the theater of the ten thousand people are the most significant buildings. It is possible to see works of Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods in the museum. It is open every day from 08.30 to 19.00.
Death can not get in here.
Bergama took his name from hero Pergamon. Pergamon is an ancient city written on its door “In the name of Gods, Death cannot enter here!”. That’s because the world’s first major health center Asklepion was established here. In addition, it houses one of the world’s steepest amphitheaters. The famous Zeus Altar, who moved to Germany from the Aegean in the 1870s, is at Bergama Museum in Berlin today. Bergama Acropolis which is a famous kingdom and art center in Hellenistic times, Red Yard, Bergama Castle and Trian Temple are the most popular places.
Turkey’s first slow city candidate
Seferihisar applied to Citta Slow International to become Turkey’s first slow city. It has a historical richness dating back to 3 thousand BC. Its medieval castle and antique settlement in the castle walls make it remarkable. A few kilometers away situate Akkum beach and Teos Ancient city. The castle built during the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent and the Karaköse ruins at Doganbey are the most interesting places. You can get on a small boat from Sıgacik, swim in the surrounding waters and pamper yourself.
Walking on lavas
The Kula county of Manisa is famous for its 18th and 19th-century houses, which are known as the Turkish House. They feature the characteristics of Ottoman architecture. Another important part of the county is the Divlit Volcano. The volcanic cones, which looks like they have recently bursted, are the youngest formations of Turkey. There are more than 68 young volcanoes in this area. The youngest formation of the Kula Volcanism is the slope of the hill where the abandoned Cakallar Village is located. During the study of a slag pit, footprints of 10-12 thousand years ago were found here. Although the number of footprints was set at 200 in 1969, today only 10-12 are visible.
The greatest structure is Athena Temple
Priene Ancient City, located on the slopes of the Mykale Mountain at the border of Soke, Aydin, is one of 12 Iyon cities. Priene is one of the rare places in the world that preserves its authenticity, first built with the grid city plan in Miletus 2500 years ago. The most magnificent structure of Priene, the temple is dedicated to the goddess Athena, the guardian of the city. The city has three gates, one in the west and the other two in the east.
The first geometric city plan
Miletos Ancient City, located in Didim District of Aydin, is one of the cities that developed in the 6th century BC to affect world history on the western Anatolian coasts. It is possible to see the biggest amphitheater in the Anatolian geography at Miletos ruins. The main works such as Caravanserai, Faustina Bath, Ilyas Bey Mosque, Bouleuterion, Ionic Stoa, North Agora and Hereon are also worth seeing. It is open every day between 08.30-19.00.
A peaceful destination filled with pine and olive trees
The history of this settlement dates back to 3500 years ago. Cunda was an important religious center for the Orthodox Greeks during the Ottoman period. Formerly the Greeks called Moshinos, Cunda is surrounded by pine and olive trees. Moonlight monastery at the seaside, Taksiyarhis Church, its unique streets and old Greek houses, the colorful doors of the houses and the famous fishermen lined along the pier are remarkable. Some of the buildings in Cunda, where the most exclusive examples of traditional civilian stone architecture are found, have been converted into boutique hotels and guesthouses. The fish called Paparina is quite famous.
BODRUM UNDERWATER ARCHEOLOGY MUSEUM
Received European Special Praise Award
The museum is located in Bodrum Castle, built by Saint Jean Knights between 1406-1522. There are 14 exhibition halls in Bodrum Underwater Archeology Museum and it has the richest collection of Eastern Mediterranean amphoras in the world. Yassiada, Seytan Deresi and Serce Limani wrecks are finely exhibited. Additionally, the world’s oldest shipwreck remains and the world’s largest Islamic Glass Collection are also worth seeing. It is open between 09.00-19.00 every day except Mondays.