Turkey’s World Cultural Heritage – Part 1

As of 2017, 17 entities in Turkey have entered the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The cultural values hosted in Turkey are also reflected in the World Cultural Heritage list. The map of Turkey is like an open air museum. Antique cities that are waiting to be seen and discovered are amazed travelers.


Historic Areas of Istanbul

Historic peninsula of istanbul

The Historical Peninsula, which forms the center of the city, is important in terms of bringing the traces of the glorious past to now. Istanbul is in UNESCO World Heritage List with four main sections:

  • “Archaeological Park” which includes the Hippodrome, Hagia Sophia, Hagia Irini, the Little Hagia Sophia Mosque and Topkapi Palace.
  • “Suleymaniye Conservation Area” which includes the Suleymaniye Mosque and its surroundings.
  • “Zeyrek Conservation Area” which includes the Zeyrek Mosque and its surroundings.
  • “Historic Walls Conservation Area”


Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi, Sivas

Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi

The mosque and hospital, whose architect is Ahlatli Hurremshah, were built adjacently to form a single building mass. The crown doors of the building attract attention with its rich stone workmanship. It is this feature that gives such a prominence among the similarities in Anatolia. The main entrance in the middle of the north ceiling is the most spectacular and most famous of the crown doors. Herbal and geometric designs give the door a unique beauty.


Hattusha: the Hittite Capital, Corum


The Hittite Empire was founded in the 2nd millennium BC and has been among the super powers of the ancient world for centuries. Hattusha, the capital city of the Hittite culture, is now located on the borders of the Bogazkale district of Corum.


Nemrut Mountain, Adiyaman

Sunrise at Mount Nemrut


Xanthos-Letoon, Mugla-Antalya


The ancient cities of Xanthos and Letoon were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988, due to the historical values they represent and the organic link between them.

Xanthos, located 46 km from Fethiye near Kinik village, was the largest administrative center of Lycia in antiquity. The city, which was independent until it was ruled by the Persians in 545 BC, was completely burnt about a century later. After this fire, the city was rebuilt and even undertaken to be the capital of the Lycian Union in the 2nd century BC.

Letoon, located 4 km from Xanthos, was the religious center of Lycia in antiquity. In this sanctuary there are a monastery, a fountain and Roman theater remains, along with the temples of Leto, Apollo and Artemis. The largest temple dedicated to Leto, the mother of Artemis and Apollo, is the Temple of Leto in the west and made in the form of peripteros. The Apollo temple in the east, which was built in the Dorian style, is less protected compared to the Leto temple. In the middle of both temples resides the smallest temple, named.Temple of Artemis.


City of Safranbolu

Safranbolu Houses


Archaeological Site of Troy, Canakkale

Archeological Site of Troy

Troia witnessed many destructions and wars. The city was destroyed nine times and rebuilt. The epics of Iliada and Odysseia attributed to Homer tell about events that happened here.


Turkey’s World Cultural Heritage – Part 1
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